What you Need to Know About Taking Care of your Teeth and Mouth

What You Need to Know About Taking Care of Your Teeth and Mouth

Straightening your teeth is a good first step to improving your overall health. You want to keep your teeth for a lifetime. Investing just a few minutes a day will help prevent tooth decay and periodontal disease.

What Exactly Is Tooth Decay?

Your teeth are covered in a hard, outer coating called enamel. Eating and drinking cause a film of bacteria called plaque to form on the surfaces of your teeth over time.  These bacteria produce an acid that can penetrate your tooth enamel, causing cavities. Plaque can also harden beneath the gumline into a substance called tartar. Daily brushing and flossing are important steps in removing bacteria from your teeth and preventing cavities. The American Dental Association recommends using toothpaste with fluoride to help prevent cavities.  Should you get a cavity, see your dentist immediately to have it filled so it does not cause further damage to your tooth.

What is Periodontal Disease

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Periodontal diseases are mainly the result of infections and inflammation of the gums and bone that surround and support the teeth. In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums can become swollen and red, and they may bleed. In its more serious form, called periodontitis, the gums can pull away from the tooth, bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or even fall out. Periodontal disease is mostly seen in adults. Periodontal disease and tooth decay are the two biggest threats to dental health.”

How to Prevent Tooth Decay and Periodontal Disease?